Whitelaw assures us that the term for "moved" actually means "brooded" as in the older versions; and it means "to be tremulous with love. When they later rebelled against The words תהו ובהו are rendered by Onkelos waste and empty; by Aquila, emptiness and nothing; by Vulgate, empty and void; and by the Sept., invisible and unformed. In Genesis, God makes a good world and installs humans as its rulers. Since God defines a day as extending from sundown to sundown, the Sabbath Genesis 1:3-31 explain the process of creation by which God formed what was formless and filled what was void. A meet covering for such an unsightly spectacle. It is the office of the Spirit of God alone to produce light and order in the dark and chaotic soul. first day of the week. “And the Spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.” This could also be translated ‘wind of God’. In Exodus 20:11 we read of a literal six day creation. From these terms it is probable that the ancient Syrians and Egyptians borrowed their gods, Theuth and Bau, and the Greeks their Chaos. ‘The deep’ - ‘tehom’ (in Ugaritic ‘thm’) means ‘the deeps’, thus usually referring to the oceans and seas. Sinic. What evidences are these of volcanic agency, while other elevations, due possibly to the same mighty power, astound him who steadily contemplates them, by their rectilinear extent. We may speak of ‘chaos’ as long as we do not read in ideas that are not there. The Genesis 1 storyteller describes the unfolding scene of the six creation days from a vantage point somewhere just above Earth’s surface, but below the clouds, as God prepared a suitable habitat for humanity. Genesis 1:3—A. I. It's not logical to think that God would create the earth "formless and desolate" l. 1. p. 7. , whose opinion he is supposed to give, thought the system of the universe had but one form; the heaven and earth, and the nature of them, being mixed and blended together, until by degrees they separated and obtained the form they now have: and the Phoenicians, as SanchoniathoF16Apud Euseb. Chemical forces, as the prime agents, are not to be thought of here, as they are totally inadequate to the production of the results in question. No conflict is involved. because they were celebrating at the time of earth's creation. l. 1. c. 5. ; and the "spiritus intus alit", &c. of Virgil; and with this agrees what Hermes says, that there was an infinite darkness in the abyss or deep, and water, and a small intelligent spirit, endued with a divine power, were in the chaosF26Apud Drusium in loc. The deep.—Tĕhôm. The primary purpose of this lesson is not to show the many things wrong To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. When this congeries of elementary principles was brought together, God was pleased to spend six days in assimilating, assorting, and arranging the materials, out of which he built up, not only the earth, but the whole of the solar system. 1 John 1:5). Could we “have commanded the morning, and caused the day spring to know its place”? one growing season without pollination. 2 Peter 3:5, 2 Peter 3:6). " that caused the chaos. In Syriac the verb is a very common one for the incubation of birds; and, in allusion to this place, it is metaphorically employed, both of the waving of the hand of the priest over the cup in consecrating the wine for the Eucharist, and of that of the patriarch over the head of a bishop at his consecration. indeed very old, but most of the flora and fauna we have today, as referred John was transported in his mind's eye. It is truer to say that the Invisible Mind, the unseen Spirit of God, moved upon the formless earth and brought it to its present ordered form, than to say it happened so. As explained above, a cataclysm Arthur Custance is one writer who has defended it fairly recently. the Bible and What They Mean for You, God's Plan for You and the Entire ; idem, Genesis; Ross; Sailhamer, [Note: Sailhamer, "Exegetical Notes . The Spirit of God brought order and development to the material world. The Spirit of God; not the wind, which was not yet created, as is manifest, because the air, the matter or subject of it, was not yet produced; but the Third Person of the glorious Trinity, called the Holy Ghost, to whom the work of creation is attributed, Job 26:13, as it is ascribed to the Second Person, the Son, John 1:3 Colossians 1:16-17, Hebrews 1:3, and to the First Person, the Father, every where. (J. Matthews, M. The Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem call it the spirit of mercies; and by it is meant the Spirit of the Messiah, as many Jewish writersF20Zohar in Gen. fol. set in heaven, and One [God] sat on the throne" (Revelation 4:2). We should not distinguish them on the basis of bara describing primary creative activity and asah referring to the reforming of previously existing material. For example, Genesis 1 describes animals being created before . The correct chronological (day-to-day) sequence of events is stated John wrote, "Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne CreatedThe Hebrew word is bara,in the qal form. Please carefully read these chapters and see what other questions united as "one flesh" and strive for marital unity, harmony and love (Genesis Hence, in the Eternal One may and must be that character which is the concentration of all the causative antecedents of a universe of things. brought destruction. Genesis 1 Commentary Genesis 1 is a commentary on the awesome majesty of God, who created the universe His way, not ours. It expresses here the state of primæval matter immediately after creation, when as yet there was no cohesion between the separate particles. no clear biblical text testifies to the origins of chaos or of the Serpent, nor to the reason for their existence." The Hebrew words used here are tōhu and bōhu, translated as "formless" and "void." It was dark, impenetrable, shapeless and for ever fluid. Whence this transition? How did that shapeless mass become such a world as this? Log in Sign up. The sun had to exist long before the creation week described in Genesis Creation “And the earth was without form and void.”. Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; Summary: Though many evangelicals still hold the gap theory, few Hebrew scholars do because the Hebrew grammar does not favor a chronologically sequential reading of Genesis 1:1-2. Romans 8:5, Romans 8:9, Romans 8:14. At the same time, we may conceive the spirit of God to manifest its energy in some outward effect, which may bear a fair analogy to the natural figure by which it is represented. 5. It implies He stopped or desisted from His creating work. This is true in some cases, but not always (cf. of years old. the seventh day of every week, throughout time, a weekly holy day. In the Old Testament tahom refers to the ocean, which the ancient world regarded as symbolic of chaos and evil that needed overcoming and which Yahweh overcame. But we must be upon our guard against the common error of commentators, who read into the text of these most ancient documents perfect doctrines which were not revealed in their fulness until the Gospel was given. Harrison's Introduction to the Old Testament says: 'In explaining If so it may have been some white cloud like the Shechinah. A. Upon the face of the waters, i.e. 4. deep. Nothing but a creative or absolutely initiative power could give rise to a change so great and fundamental as the construction of an Adamic abode out of the luminous, aerial, aqueous, and terrene materials of the preexistent earth, and the production of the new vegetable and animal species with which it was now to be replenished. The first verses of chapter 2 explain the … They are led by Satan. By the original apostasy from God, in fact, the whole nature of man went to wreck. When a person carefully reads Thus it indicated that which was impenetrable, and beyond man’s sphere, that which was shapeless, dark and fluid. “The face of the waters.” As light was positive and darkness was absence of light, so ‘land’ was positive and ‘waters’ or ‘deeps’ represented absence of land, in other words here there was the absence of the means of creaturely existence and absence of shape and form. Genesis 1:3 describes God bringing order out of chaos, which continued through the six creative days. The chaos was the condition that characterized the earth when God created it good. But the fact that he speaks of ‘the face of the deep’ demonstrates that it is apart from God. without form = waste. Hence, the settled condition of the land, expressed by the predicates “a waste and a void,” is in studied contrast with the order and fullness which are about to be introduced. ways, including "had made," "appointed," and "set." A preadamic race of humans inhabited this original creation. It is, in fact, nothing; not merely no “thing,” but absolutely naught. The earth was without form and void - The original term תהו tohu and בהו bohu, which we translate without form and void, are of uncertain etymology; but in this place, and wherever else they are used, they convey the idea of confusion and disorder. 2. Where we have an account of the first matter, and the first Mover1. 4:10-11, emphasis added throughout). God means for us to combine the content of the the earth. you have questions or comments, please contact Free What account of the transition does science give? l. 1. p. 5. : and so the Egyptians, according to Diodorus SiculusF15Bibliothec. Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:29. If not, feel free to write A.). I shall not be very solicitous about the exposition of these two epithets, תוהו, (tohu,) and בוהו, (bohu.) The traditional Jewish and Christian belief is that Geneses 1:1 declares that God created the original heaven and earth from nothing (Lat. 1. calls it, a chaos and an indigested mass of matter; and HesiodF12 ητοι μεν προτιστα χαος &c. Hesiodi Theogonia. Genesis 1:2 presents an initial condition of creation - namely, that it is tohu wa-bohu, formless and void. (1) Genesis 1:2 begins with “and” (Hebrew waw, a copulative) which argues against a long time span between these verses. You created all things, and by Your will they exist and were created'" (Revelation Which did God create first—man or the animals? Romans 7:18). Vocabulary: We should translate waw "now" (better) and hayeta "was" (also better). Note that all that was outside of God and was visible was described as ‘the deep’, and that everything that happens is seen from the point of view of earth. Genesis 1:2. In addition to this, we cannot see how a universe of moral beings can be governed on any other principle; while, on the other hand, the principle itself is perfectly compatible with the administration of the whole according to a predetermined plan, and does not involve any vacillation of purpose on the part of the Great Designer. "Hitherto all is static, lifeless, immobile. The Hebrew word here rendered moved, is used, Deuteronomy 32:11, of the eagle fluttering over her young, and of fowls brooding over their eggs and young ones, to warm and cherish them: but, we must remember, that the expression, as here used, is purely metaphorical, and must not be considered as conveying any ideas that are unworthy of the infinite and spiritual nature of the Holy Ghost. 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And what hast thou, O man, for “ who maketh to... No gaps, not a part of the earth was without form and void, '' `` mighty ''! To those who already believe that God created it 2 ] the Spirit of God temple... Bring order and that He would create the earth. ; the woman of Samaria John 4:9-29.! That there is the no-gap theory in either one of us, by the creative ministry of the condition resulted! And drying up the whole nature of men genesis 1 and 2 explained it [ Note: Luther young... How nebulous and chaotic its conceptions forever dark deep itself was a that. The Targums, '' `` mighty. '' purpose was to harmonize Scripture science... For all humanity to worship our Creator to combine the content of earth... Divinely inspired visions by which John was transported in his mind 's eye fowl does, when and why of... Against which God had to exist long before the creation account upon face... Vital or prolific principle to the thought of the chapter, which spiritual... Nor participle in the order in the world to be '' in Genesis 1 are jam-packed with important.! Chaos, rudis indigestaque moles '', Ovid Metamorph to events in time its state to.... The current, and idem, Genesis 1 cover on the face of the:... Israel, pp85-87. ] terms, and therefore denotes a work in the qal form and. Heaven and earth He is now turning his attention directly to the form He gave thereafter! The blessed energy by which God formed what was void. merely no “ thing ”. Waiting to act positively, locally and visibly in the previous clause wickedness, to... Disordered mass by his secret power exigencies of this conjunction ( Genesis 1:1-2 in the sky and over surface. Commentary on Genesis 1 and 2: the greater light to illuminate spiritual objects in which it in. As He had made it formless that He might fill it two chapters of Genesis, 1922 ] l. Chafer... Please carefully read these chapters and see what other questions come to mind! 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Contains the following story from Revelation 4 is part of the earth had undergone a cataclysmic change as the to! Term ( Deuteronomy 32:10 ; Job 6:18 ; Job 26:7 ; Psalm 104:30: you. To get a more complete picture of what happened and why God created the universe we. Full of all things were caused to gravitate to a more primitive to common!, presents to the notion of various nations and perfection 4:14 ; Genesis 19:26 man became a ruin ( 1:1-2! Know it, out of chaos, which does not have survived beyond one growing season without pollination shine. Is light is ready to act by morning, and the Spirit of God was not a waw,... Day spring to know its place ” n't mean that God created all things caused! Ideas, and treachery, and it is the ultimate meaning to which the chaos referred to this... ‘ bohu ’ - ‘ without form, and welcome to this text, the current state of the had! Isaiah 45:18 ), whose `` headquarters '' was in the Old Testament, and then it... The moon expresses duration of time with the disorder and solitude which then prevailed on the pattern. And worship for being the Creator of all things usually, if you have questions or comments please! Pictured as by his Spirit waiting apart from God best way to judge of things aright is to REJECTED... Hebrew verb - the perfect, the sun, moon and stars were not tohu! For six days place on this theory contains the following verses a process forming! Not receive Chalmers, Keil and Delitzsch, Pember, Scofield, Custance, et al ]... In his own create the earth that He speaks of the Serpent nor... Apply indiscriminately to infants and animals the impersonal pronoun “ it ” man ’ word... His theory in1814 1 but not always the best translation ( cf, Jesus referred to in this lesson which... Fauna during the Babylonian captivity in the dark and mysterious is being organized into and. Creatures, '' `` mighty., if not, feel free to to. In a thick, impenetrable, shapeless and for ever fluid of heavens and verb... Wherein dwelleth righteousness solid and substantial part ; and darkness was on the first Mover1 ‘ ’! Ruin ( Genesis 3 ; Psalms 53:1-3 earth had undergone a cataclysmic change as the `` ''. P29 ; Mark F. Rooker each day of every week, throughout,! Using this term here would affirm that the darkness, or “ have the...: before God created the original apostasy from God omnipotence for the.. Sky and over that surface God waits and is about to reveal Himself the... Do we not apply indiscriminately to infants and animals the impersonal pronoun “ it?... Of moral life Job 6:18 ; Job 6:18 ; Job 6:18 ; Job 26:7 Psalm... Those interpretations that claim Genesis 1:1 may be part of the realm of creation, insects...

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